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Five reasons behind Deuba’s stance to make Oli PM under Article 76 (2)


 |  Kathmandu

Nepali Congress President Sher Bahadur Deuba (left) and UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli. (File Photo)

A Parliamentary Party (PP) meeting of  Nepali Congress on Saturday decided to appoint Chairman of CPN (UML). KP Sharma Oli, as the Prime Minister of Nepal in accordance with Article 76 (2) of the Constitution of Nepal.

The PP meeting took a decision to this effect welcoming the consensus reached between NC and UML on July 1 to form a national consensus government, said NC Chief Whip Ramesh Lekhak.

According to the decision, the Oli will lead the government in the first phase while Deuba will lead in the second phase.

Similarly, the NC has also decided to vote against the motion during the Prime Minister’s vote of confidence scheduled for July 12.

NC has already urged Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ to step down paving the way for the formation of a national consensus government.

Meanwhile, there have been arguments in the political arena that the country will invoke Article 76 (2) in case Prime Minister Prachanda did not secure the vote of confidence. On the other hand, Prachanda is also making efforts to appoint Deuba as the Prime Minister of Nepal in line with 76 (3).

There have been rumors that President Ramchandra Paudel also might play a role to invoke Article 76 (3) for the appointment of Deuba, recognizing Prachanda’s support he received to become the President.

It seems that NC officially endorsed the decision to appoint KP Sharma Oli in line with Article 76 (2) to dispel this rumor circulating the media.

UML leadership was fishy at some point questioning why Sher Bahadur Deuba would wait for one and a half years in case circumstances as well as geopolitics favored him to become the Prime Minister immediately.

However, Deuba is digging his heels to make Oli the Prime Minister based on the following five reasons.

Parliamentary stability
Even though NC does have an absolute majority, it is the largest party in the parliament. According to a source close to Deuba, the government formed under Article 76 (2) will lay the strongest political basis for Nepali Congress to turn tables as the government formed under Article 76 (3) will be shaky given the coalition government. If the government formed according to this article fails, the President will invoke Article 76 (5) and the government inches closer to dissolution. 

Article 76 (3) safe
The groups who are suggesting Deuba to become the Prime Minister in line with 76 (3) argue that Oli will not hand over the power to Deuba when his agreed term expires. However, Deuba very well knows that the NC retains right to withdraw its support to the government at any time if such situations arise. When the support is withdrawn, the Oli-led government will fall into minority paving the way for Deuba to automatically become the next Prime Minister in line with Article (76 (3).

Fear for losing public trust
NC and UML have formed a new alliance sloganeering that it would maintain political stability. Given the mass craze seen towards youths and independent candidates, of late, it is likely to impact the upcoming election results, too. Particularly, Kathmandu Metropolitan City Mayor Balendra Shah’s working style and his popularity among the people has become a challenge to the big parties. Deuba seems bound and determined to cooperate with UML to avoid the mid-term polls and dispel the influence of independent candidates.

Willingness to direct UML
NC is almost at par with UML in terms of strength in the incumbent parliament.  

When Oli becomes PM with the support of NC, he will seek NC’s agreement in every decision to be taken by the government. The government cannot take any decision without the agreement of Deuba.

Reprisal against Prachanda
Deuba has been riled with Prachanda after he broke down the previous alliance to form a new alliance with UML on March 4.

Annoyed by Prachanda’s betrayal, Deuba left no stone unturned to remove Prachanda from his premiership, including proposal to Rabi Lamichhane, Madhav Nepal and Upendra Yadav as the next Prime Minister. However, Oli and Prachanada thwarted every attempt made by Deuba to remove Prachanda from power. Eventually, Deuba was forced to offer premiership to Oli.



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